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And, because this time preceded the arrival of any Europeans, no one was around to record their tribal names and cultures. This apparent evacuation of Ohio probably took place over a generation or more but ended with much of the state being nearly empty of permanent settlements by It took almost a century for other Native American groups from other parts of the Great Lakes and Northeast to reoccupy our area, but we are pretty certain that these new arrivals are unlikely to be the descendants of the indigenous people of Ohio.
Instead, they are well-known tribal groups, such as the Shawnee, Wyandotte, Ottawa, Seneca, Delaware, Miami, and others, that have their own long histories outside Ohio.
The problem archaeologists have with tracking these groups as they moved out of the area is that most of the material remains we use to document their lives in Ohio rapidly vanished. The clay pottery, stone tools, bone and shell ornaments, and other goods quickly disappeared from the archaeological record after In their places, native peoples rapidly adopted European trade goods, such as brass kettles, iron knives and hatchets, glass be, and copper ornaments. Glass Trade Bead.
Brass Hair Bead. Flushe-Eye Bead. Iron Knife Blade. Trade Axe. Archaeological sites producing these materials look very similar across much of the Great Lakes and Ohio River Valley during the s. They lack the regionally distinct pottery types or flint tools of former times that help archaeologists distinguish between one pre-contact group and another.
In effect, the historical material similarities mask the otherwise culturally distinct societies that produced them. The Meskwaki and their Central Algonkian relatives, such as the Sac and Kickapoo, have their own histories, which document an early migration from the East Coast through Ohio, Michigan, and into the upper Great Lakes.
Even linguistic studies of ancient tribal names appearing on early maps of the northern Ohio region can shed light on this problem. Some linguists identify these peoples of the Fire Nation with one or more Central Algonkian groups, such as those listed earlier. While none of this work is definitive, it may bring us closer to a meaningful answer to our questions about the fate of the first peoples of Ohio. Share this post on Facebook on Twitter.Adult personals in Cleveland Heights Ohio
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