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You are here: Home » Species » Greater one-horned rhino. The biggest threat that Greater one-horned rhinos face is human harassment and encroachment.
For centuries, rhinos have been hunted for sport and for their horn. In the early 19th century, the Greater one-horned rhino was almost hunted to extinction. The remaining animals were only found in protected reserves, where, under the monitoring of certain organisations, populations are currently being brought back from the edge of extinction.
With strict protection from Indian and Nepalese wildlife authorities, Greater one-horned rhino s have recovered from under last century to around 3, today. However, poaching has remained high, and the success is precarious without continued and increased support for conservation efforts in India and Nepal.
Habitat destruction and loss are further threats to the rhinoceros population. As Greater one-horned rhinos live in areas with very fertile soil, people use the same land for farming purposes. Conflicts between humans and animals are inevitable, and consequently damaging to the Greater one-horned rhino population. The Mughal emperors of South Asia used Greater one-horned rhinos in fights against elephants as entertainment.
The rhinos would often win. Thankfully, this sport is no longer practised or permitted. Members Area. Members. Greater one-horned rhino. Fun fact: Greater one-horned rhinos are good swimmers and can dive and feed underwater.
Under threat The biggest threat that Greater one-horned rhinos face is human harassment and encroachment. Physical characteristics Size: the Greater one-horned rhino are the second biggest of the rhino species, beaten only by the white rhino Weight: usually betweenpounds 1, kg Shoulder height: the Greater one-horned rhino stands at around 1. Several prominent folds of skin protect the neck. The skin has a maximum thickness of 4 cm.
The subcutaneous fat is cm thick and well supplied with blood; this helps thermo-regulation, meaning that the animal is able to regulate its own body temperature in varying weather conditions.
Between the folds, around the stomach, the inner legs and the facial area, the skin is rather soft and thin The horn: Greater one-horned rhinos have one horn, which is typically cm long, and weighs up to 3 kg. It has the same horn structure as the hooves Horned up looking for fun horses, and re-grows if broken off. It is not used for fighting but to search for food and to forage for roots Hair: found at the tip of the tail, around the ears and eyelashes Location and habitat Location: the Greater one-horned rhino can be found in India and Nepal, particularly in the foothills of the Himalayas.
In the past, Greater one-horned rhinos roamed freely in the floodplains and forests alongside the Brahmaputra, Ganges and Indus River valley Habitat: Greater one-horned rhinos are semi-aquatic and often take up residence in swamps, forests and riversides, and anywhere that is near nutritious mineral licks Social behaviour and territory Sociability: Greater one-horned rhinos are usually solitary, except for females with small calves.
Males have loosely defined territories where they live alone, which they defend aggressively, and this may overlap with other territories. The territories change according to food availability in relation to the current season. The females can move in and out of these territories as they like. If food is abundant within an area, it is not unusual to see several animals all grazing close together Male territory: male Greater one-horned rhinos fight violently for preferred habitual areas.
Several animals often defecate at the same spot. Such a dung heap can become up to five metres wide and one metre high. After defecating, Greater one-horned rhinos scratch their hind feet in the dung.
There is no set breeding season, and a female will leave a gap of around years between calves Gestation period: this is between months. Just as she is ready to give birth, the cow will find a solitary, quiet space to calve Birth: at birth, a Greater one-horned rhino calf can weigh as much as kg. The calf will remain with its mother for the first year and a half of its life, before being rejected Maternal calves: a calf drinks on average litres of milk per day and grows by kg daily. They start nibbling and feeding on roughage at the age of months, but may continue to suck up to the age of 20 months.
Young calves are also vulnerable to the predation of tigers in the wild Other interesting facts Food: they feed on a wide variety of plants up to different species!
Afterwards, they will separate again. Covering their skin in mud aids thermo-regulation by preventing overheating, and also suffocates any ticks or parasites that are embedded on the surface of the skin Teeth: although their horn may not be as long as other well-known species of rhino, Greater one-horned rhinos have very long lower incisor teeth that can be used in fighting to inflict deep wounds. Learn about other rhino species.
More about Greater one-horned rhinos. Greater one-horned rhino s increase in Nepal 13 Apr Hear more from Save the Rhino up to our monthly newsletter to keep up to date with our latest stories and events. I would like to receive updates from Save the Rhino.
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